There is a need for the oil and gas industry to address the issue of gas flaring to minimise the environmental impact and wherever possible put flared gas to better use.
Although some reports have suggested a slight downturn in recent years, an estimated 140 billion cubic metres of gas is still wasted through flaring each year worldwide. This is the equivalent of $20 billion USD. Gas flaring is not just a waste of a valuable natural resource but also has a significant impact on the environment, adding as much CO2 to the atmosphere every year as 200 million cars. While gas flaring is unavoidable under certain circumstances, there is an opportunity for the industry to take more action to capture flared gas.
The World Bank’s initiative to eliminate gas flaring by 2030 has had buy-in from many industry leaders and prominent oil-producing countries, however there is still work to be done to achieve this ambitious milestone. World Bank data revealed that 2017 saw a five per cent decrease in flaring worldwide, with a particularly significant fall in use of the gas being burnt off in flares in Russia. However, while an encouraging step, some leading oil producers burned increased volumes of gas, including the USA, which is on course to surpass Russia as an oil producing country. This serves as a strong indication that there is still a way to go in solving this burning issue.
There is a huge opportunity to unlock the potential of flared gas. If it was possible to capture and use the current level of globally flared gas were to for power generation, it could provide more electricity than Africa’s current total annual consumption. Considering that 60 per cent of Africa’s population does not currently have access to electricity, governments and businesses should be working together to convert this wasted gas into potential power.
As we move towards a decarbonised future, there is a need for the oil and gas industry to further consider how it can utilise these resources in greener ways and to the benefit of local communities. Using the gas wasted through flaring each year to provide power to areas which currently have no electricity will enable communities to develop. Coupled with this, capturing the gas for energy use rather than losing it to flaring has the added benefit of reducing oil producers’ carbon footprint as stakeholders’ interest in a company’s green credentials are only set to increase.
Oil producers have the opportunity to cut emissions and support ambitions for universal access to electricity. There needs to be a concerted effort across the industry to seek out and adopt solutions to avoid flaring, where possible, and put gas to better use. For example, solutions which have seen a reduction in gas flaring in Nigeria include increased gas reinjection and LNG projects to bring the gas to market; both of which can be easily be replicated in other markets. At Aggreko, we recently realised the potential of flaring to generate power in Egypt and look forward to seeing the positive impact on the local community. The challenge of ending gas flaring is great, but the potential reward is even greater.